What are the differences between full spectrum and broad spectrum?

Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is extracted from the plant by using a variety of methods but the most popular seems to be CO2 extraction. Once the CBD oil is extracted different companies will refine it in different ways depending on their end goal.

Raw CBD oil contains a variety of compounds including terpenes (flavor), and flavonoids (color). When the oil is refined post-extraction, these compounds can be removed or manipulated to have different effects. The manipulation of compounds results in either CBD isolate, full spectrum CBD or broad spectrum CBD.

In order to understand the difference between full and broad spectrum CBD oils, you must first understand what CBD isolate is. Once the CBD oil is extracted from the plant, it can be refined so much so that all that is left is 99% pure CBD. With almost pure CBD oil, you are able to reap the benefits of the cannabinoids, but you will be unable to experience the effects and benefits of the other compounds that are naturally found in cannabis/hemp plants. For this reason, CBD isolate is not very common and when it is found, it’s relatively cheap.

Full spectrum CBD isn’t manipulated so much so that it still contains all of the natural compounds of CBD extract (THC, terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids). When all of these components are allowed to naturally work together, they create what’s called an “entourage effect,” which essentially means that the sum of the parts are more effective than they are individually.

On the other hand, broad spectrum CBD is a mixture of full spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. Even though full spectrum CBD has only trace amounts of CBD, broad spectrum has none at all, making the effects of CBD that much stronger without any psychoactive effects.

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